EXTORTION LAW PENNSYLVANIA
The actual Pennsylvania Law:
§ 3923. Theft by extortion.
(a) Offense defined.--A person is guilty of theft if he intentionally obtains or withholds property of another by threatening to: (1) commit another criminal offense; (2) accuse anyone of a criminal offense; (3) expose any secret tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule; (4) take or withhold action as an official, or cause an official to take or withhold action; (5) bring about or continue a strike, boycott or other collective unofficial action, if the property is not demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act; (6) testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to the legal claim or defense of another; or (7) inflict any other harm which would not benefit the actor.
Extortion is a criminal offence where an individual uses threats and/or inflicts harm, in order to obtain; money, goods, services, or specific actions, from another. Unlike robbery, where property is stolen by force, extorted property is handed over, in order to avoid threats, force or other harm. Extortion involves a victim's unlawfully gained consent.
Extortion it is a felony crime punishable by incarceration, heavy fines, and more. The federal government and all fifty states have laws regarding extortion. The penalties for extortion will vary depending on the exact nature of the offence and each state’s separate laws.
A person is guilty of theft by extortion if they; maliciously threaten to accuse another of a crime or offense, or maliciously threaten to injure the person or property of another, or intentionally obtain or withhold the property of another, by threatening to:
- Commit a crime
- Accuse someone else of committing a crime.
- Expose a secret that would open a person up to hatred, contempt or ridicule.
- Abuse the Authority of Office by law enforcement or governmental officials
- Cause a strike, boycott or other collective unofficial action,
- Testify withhold testimony regarding a legal claim or in someone’s defense
Some examples of Extortion are Blackmail, Ransom and Bribery. To be considered extortion, bribery must be done under fear or force.
Submitted by Michael Kotik Lawyer in Pennsylvania and New Jersey
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Michael N. Kotik, Esq. (PA, NJ)